China smelts more copper than the rest of the world combined and is also the largest copper refiner. In the Uyghur Region, the largest copper miner and processor is Xinjiang Nonferrous Metals Company. One of the world’s largest copper processors – Zijin Mining Group – is also active in the region. Xinjiang Nonferrous’s mining operations were used to architect and pilot transfer schemes to indoctrinate Uyghurs from the southern XUAR through labor transfers. Workers experienced collective punishment and exposure to extreme workplace hazards in addition to being forcibly separated from families. 


Raw material processor

Casting, Rolling, Finishing

Parent Company


Pre-cursor Manufacturing

Parts manufacturer